Akaka-Remo

Akaka is one of the thirty-three traditional towns and town-lets in Remo. The location and description are as recorded in paragraphs one and two in Ake town-let. What affects Ake in the description affects Akaka.

Akaka is one of the town-lets in Remo North Local Government. It has boundary with Ago-Iwoye in Ijebu North Local Government. It has boundaries with the Egudu, Ilara, Ode Remo, Isara, Ogunmogbo and Eposo. It is the last Remo town-let towards the Northern part of the Division. Akaka is small in population and has a common boundary with Are community of Ode Remo.

The assertion of the elders about Akaka was that the founder took off from the ancient city of Ile-Ife. It was asserted that the leader, the Head of the movements was Owowu. History says that Owowu was a brave man. History says that he and his group trekked the thick jungles of the time and came to the present site of Ikire and Apomu in the present Osun State. They also walked through the site of the present Ibadan. The group continued their journey and settled at the present day site of Ogunmakin of the present Obafemi-Owode Local Government for a season. They again moved out of the present Ogunmakin area and trekked southwards. They trekked until they passed the present area of Fidiwo which was not far from the present Ipara and settled for a period.

Leaving Fidiwo in the present Obafemi-Owode Local Government, Owowu and his people trekked southwards again and settled in an area called Orile-Idena. The area called Orile-Idena which was said to be a place of settlement was between Iperu, Ode Remo and Ilara as it was described. This Orile-Idena was not the homestead of the Idena Community of Iperu today. From the take off of Owowu and his people up to settlement at Orile-Idena, there was no specific period, hence, no one can calculate the number of years spent in diaspora.The Yoruba internecine wars affected the Remo people and there were several other factors which equally militated against several Remo settlements. Owowu and his people were affected by the problem of the internecine wars as well as other factors. It is important to note that Owowu and his settlement were not known or called Akaka people up to this time.It was mentioned during the period of my research that there wasa war disturbance named Okereke war about the year 1884. This may be a local war as I have not come by the name of this war in all the Yoruba internecine wars that were recorded in history or in any historical record. No one mentioned Okereke war in any of the other Remo settlements. However, the Okereke war was mentioned in the history of the movement of Owowu and his people.

The Okereke war affected Owowu and his settlement, hence, they shifted their base. Owowu and his people left Orile Idena and moved to join the Ogunmogbo settlement. The period when they settled with the Ogunmogbo people was immediately when  the Okereke war took off, this was probably in 1884.It is asserted that Owowu had a very intimate friend and this  friend was Ake by name. The friendship between Owowu and Ake had been long in existence. While Owowu and his people were with the other Remo settlement, Ake had his own settlement far away beyond the Ona river and this settlement was close to Ijesa Ijebu. The distance did not mar the friendly relationship between the two of them. There came a time when Owowu decided to leave Ogunmogbo for another settlement. Owowu discussed the idea with his friend, Ake, and they both agreed to settle together in one place. The agreement was made firm and a time was mentioned when both of them should move.

They had moved round and selected the area of  settlement. On the appointed day, Owowu and his people moved out of Ogunmogbo and trekked to the appointed spot. Owowu and his people were the first to arrive at the appointed spot of settlement. The first cleared bush area where Owowu and his people first settled was named Iya-Odo up till today in Akaka.It was at this settlement that the name of the settlement was given. It was called Akaka – “AKAKA”. It was asserted that there was a tree called “AIKA” at the place of settlement. It was said that from the name of the tree (Aika) that the name Akaka was formed. It is on record that the people of Akaka do not use the Aika tree to fuel their fire. This non-usage of Aika tree to fuel the fire is a respect for the name of the town, AKAKA.

It was mentioned that Owowu had only a wife. Her name was Lasagha (LASAWA). Lasagha was known as a very faithful wife and was the mother of the community. The Akaka people built a shrine in her honour. The shrine is respected and most rites and rituals in Akaka are done there up till today. Lasagha shrine is placed in high esteem.

During settlement in Akaka, Larufi Makaala Ruling House presented the ever first Alakaka of Akaka. The second Alakaka came from Olufoworesete  Ruling House. The first two Kings reigned in Akaka but there were no records of the actual dates they reigned.

The first King with proper and accurate date was Oba Isaac Onalaja Asaye . He was from Lumusen Ruling House. He reigned from Sunday April 7, 1901 to November 1926. He was the first person to perform the rites and rituals an Oba performs in Akaka. Oba Isaac Onalaja Asaye was known as ‘Oba atun lu te bi ifa’ during his reign. He was the first educated Oba in Akaka. He was a Lay Reader and a Local Preacher of the C.M.S. in Ago-Iwoye before his installation as  the Alakaka of Akaka. During his reign, he widened the footpath from Ode Remo to Akaka through communal labour. He was the architect of Akaka – Ode Remo road that we are using today.

Oba Osolowa Ogunyombo from Afonlade Ruling House reigned from 1927 to December 12, 1949. He was Afonlade the first. He was a member of the Ode Remo Native court. He was promoted to be a member of the Ijebu Remo Divisional Court because of his sense of good Judgement, uprightness and in- corruptible character. He created the Lisa Chieftaincy title which was not known and practised in Akaka before his time. The first Olisa of Akaka was Chief Adesanya and he was installed in 1934.Oba John Sobambo from Ladejobi Ruling House reigned after Oba Ogunyombo Osolawa. He reigned from April 18, 1950 to October 21,1970. Oba John A. Sobambo was the fist Oba of Akaka to wear a beaded crown. He was crowned by his Royal Majesty Oba William Christopher Adedoyin in 1952.

After the demise of Oba J. A. Sobambo in 1970, Obaship tussle started in Akaka. The Obaship tussle was based on which Ruling House should present the next candidate for the Alakaka of Akaka. The chieftaincy declaration made under section 4 (2) of the chiefs law 1957, of the customary law regulating the Alakaka chieftaincy of Akaka was faulty. In the above declaration only two ruling houses were mentioned, they are:

1.            Ofifi

2.            Lumusen

As a result of the faulty chieftaincy declaration, the Government of the then Western State set up a Commission of Inquiry on March 15, 1973 to determine whether or not the existing declaration reflects the true customary law regulating the appointment of Alakaka Chieftaincy. The inquiry was headed by the Police Divisional Officer Sagamu, Inspector G. A. O. Oyinlola. The result of the inquiry made it possible for Akaka to have five(5) ruling houses for the Alakaka chieftaincy. Listed hereunder are the ruling houses in serial number.

1.            Larufi Makaala Ruling House

2.            Lumusen Ruling House

3.            Olufoworesete Ruling House

4.            Afonlade Ruling House

5.            Ladejobi  Ruling House.

By the virtue and the result of the Inquiry, Larufi Makaala Ruling House was to present a candidate. This brought the selection of Ezekiel Oye Sofodu as the next Alakaka of Akaka after twelve years interregnum. Oba Ezekiel Oye Sofodu reigned as the Alakaka of Akaka from March 1, 1982 to July 6, 1987. After the demise of Oba E. Oye. Sofodu in 1987,Jacob Olutayo Fagunwa became the Oba of Akaka. He reigned from June 27, 1990 to May 20, 2002. Joshua Bamidele Oyederu from Olufoworesete Ruling House came to the throne of Akaka on September 23, 2003, after the demise of Oba Olutayo Fagunwa in May 2002.Listed are the ruling Obas in Akaka

1.          Oba Owowu       –              Larufi Makaala I

2.          Oba Koyejo        –              Lumusen I

3.          Adeogun             –              Olufoworesete I

4.          Oba Isaac Onalaja Asaye               –              Lumusen II  (1901 – 1926)

5.          Oba Ogunyombo Osolowa  –  Afonlade I  (1927-1949)

6.          Oba John Sobambo         –              Ladejobi I  (1950 – 1970)

7.          Interregnum      –              (1971 – 1981 February)

8.          Oba E. Oye Sofodu          –              Larufi Makaala II  –  (1982 – 1987)

Interregnum      –              (1988 – 1990 June)

9.          Oba J. Olutayo Fagunwa               –              Lumusen III –  (1990 – 2002

10.          Oba J. Bamidele Awoderu            –              Olufoworesete II (2003- date)

There are twelve King makers in Akaka:

A.            The Osugbo group (Four members)

1.          The Oliwo                2.          The Apena                    3.          The Olisa           4.          The Balogun

B.            The Odi group (Four members)

5.          The Ogbeni Odi           6.  An Odi through selection                  7.  An Odi through selection          8.   An Odi through selection

C.            The Omo-Oba group (Four members)     9.  The Olotu Omoba         10. A nominated Omoba         11.    A nominated Omoba          12.   A nominated Omoba

All Remo towns and town-lets took off with the African Traditional Religion. Akaka is no exception in the worship of the various gods and goddesses. The most important gods and goddesses are Oro, Eluku, Esu, Ogun, Eegun etc. The wife of Owowu, Lasagha is fondly acclaimed and respected by the Akaka people. All Kings when appointed and put on the throne must call at the Lasagha shrine to give the necessary respects and also perform some necessary rites and rituals.

The Christian religion was introduced to Remo in the late nineteenth century and there was no Remo town and town-let that it did not reach by the first half of the twentieth century. Christ Anglican Church Akaka Remo took off about 1930 through one Mr. Osinuga, a native of Iperu. He was married to an Akaka woman. Whenever he came to Akaka to visit his in-laws, He preached the Christian faith. His first converts were Messers Oyefeso and Fadipe. Mr. Fadipe had the record of being the first native preacher in Akaka Anglican Church. Other early converts were Joseph Alaradosu, J. O. Ogunlana and Emmanuel Adesanya and a host of others. The Methodist came later.

Akaka people are good farmers. They have cash crops such as cocoa, and kola nuts. They practise arable cultivation. They are good producers of plantain, melon, cocoyams, cassava, yams, pepper, groundnuts etc. The Akaka market days are usually filled with buyers from far and near.

There are the following quarters and compounds in Akaka though there is little or no separation between Akaka and Ake. We will therefore accept that these compounds and quarters relate to either of the two towns.

1.            Afonlade Compound

2.            Losi Compound

3.            Itunbelu

4.            Larufi Compound

5.            Ladejobi Compound

6.            Lumusen Compound

7.            Itun Pologbo

The important personalities in Ake are applicable to Akaka as there is no separation between them. The oneness in them makes no divisibility in the children of the two communities.

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