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REDUCING THE RISK OF EBOLA INFECTION!
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has recommended to people to find different ways of greeting, apart from handshake, to reduce the chances of contracting the Ebola virus.It also advised people to wash their hands regularly with soap under running water as part of hygiene etiquette to avoid the Ebola virus.
Reducing the risk of Ebola infection The WHO recommended way of coughing The WHO recommended way of coughing. The deadly nature of the Ebola virus has led to the introduction of a new handshake craze in town, otherwise known as Ebola handshake, with people now greeting with their elbows or fists.
This is to help minimise contact among people to contain the spread of the virus. In the absence of effective treatment and a human vaccine, raising awareness of the risk factors for Ebola infection and the protective measures individuals can take, according to the WHO, are the only ways to reduce human infection and death.The WHO says it is not always possible to identify patients with EVD early because initial symptoms may be non-specific. For this reason, it is important that healthcare workers apply standard precautions consistently with all patients regardless of their diagnosis in all work practices at all times. These include basic hand hygiene, respiratory hygiene, the use of personal protective equipment, safe injection practices and safe burial practices.Persons who have died of Ebola must be handled using strong protective clothing and gloves and be buried immediately.
WHO IS AT MOST RISK?
According to the WHO, during an outbreak, those at higher risk of infection are health workers, family members or others in close contact with infected people, mourners who have direct contact with the bodies of the deceased as part of burial ceremonies and hunters in the rainforest who come into contact with dead animals found lying in the forest.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF INFECTION?
A sudden onset of fever, intense weakness, muscle pain, headache and sore throat are typical signs and symptoms. This is followed by vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, impaired kidney and liver function and, in some cases, both internal and external bleeding. The incubation period, or the time interval from infection to onset of symptoms, is from two to 21 days. The patients become contagious once they begin to show symptoms. They are not contagious during the incubation period.
WHAT’S THE TREATMENT?
Severely ill patients require intensive supportive care.They are frequently dehydrated and need intravenous fluids or oral rehydration with solutions that contain electrolytes.There is currently no specific treatment.
Kindly treat all measures seriously.